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Sunday, July 1, 2018

October 2018 Temple Site Possibilities: Series Overview

Hello again, everyone! As long-time readers of this blog may recall, between each General Conference, I have offered my thoughts and invited comments from all of you about the most likely locations in which a temple might be announced in the near future. Between the October 2017 and April 2018 General Conferences, the course of that dialogue came as a series of posts I did which discussed the most imminent such prospects in each of the Church's 25 geographical areas.

Given the fact that the October 2018 General Conference is just over 3 months away, I want to revisit that series to discuss the most likely prospective locations that could be announced during that General Conference.

In kicking off this iteration of that series, I would hope that those of you who will read and participate in the discussion of the locations currently on my list will keep the following information in mind:

1. As it is next to impossible to identify every single location that may ever get a temple at any point, this series will focus on the most imminent prospects that seem most likely to be announced this October.
2. If a certain location seems to be missing from this list, it may either be on a second list, which I am holding in reserve for when the possibility of that location becomes more imminent, or may be on a third list of locations that may have a temple announced at some point, but may be more of a long-shot possibility.
3. If a location is mentioned that is not on any of the three lists I referenced above, that does not in any way mean it is out of the question, nor does it mean that (in my opinion), a temple in such locations will never be announced. The Lord reveals to His prophets where to announce and build His temples, and I embrace the news of all new temples whether or not they are on any of those three lists I am keeping. And since President Nelson already surprised most of us (including himself) with one or two of the locations he announced in April 2018, any location may be fair game.
4. For any comments made on the posts in this series, I may post responses to most (if not all) of them. This is not in any way meant to end or limit the discussion, but rather will constitute my efforts to acknowledge the feedback I receive, and will include any observations I have in response to those comments.
5. This series may be slightly different in content from the information I provided in the first edition of that series, primarily because, at the moment, some of the information I would ordinarily use (such as the current composition and size of the Church's temple districts) is currently unavailable to me.
6. While the prospects I will discuss this go-round are based on a few factors with which I have successfully predicted previous temple locations, I do not have the capability nor the time at present to consider every possible factor. Few if any lay Church members have a complete list of all criteria the Church and its' prophets use to make such determinations. That said, if there are any factors I have clearly overlooked or failed to consider when assembling the current list of locations, the order in which they are listed or in consideration of changes I should make to any of the three lists I referenced above, please let me know.

That said, let's dive into the current layout of my list, such as it is. You can find it below. So as not to disturb the flow of information within it, I will end here as I always do: That does it for this post. Any and all comments are, as always, welcome and appreciated. Thank you for the privilege of your time. Until my next post, I wish each one of you all the best and pray that the Lord will bless you all in everything you do.

Temple Predictions: 3+ temples announced, with the most likely locations (in my opinion), on the list below.

Preliminary note: With seven temples having been announced last April (the second-highest number of temples ever announced at once), it may be that President Nelson will opt to wait until April 2019 to announce any others. But in view of President Nelson’s expressed intention to continue to bring temples to the people, there may be at least a few announced during this conference. The locations listed below represent my best efforts to anticipate such announcements, and I have requested feedback on this list on my blog. The Lord can and does continue to inspire temple announcements in the right locations at the right time, and if any new temples are announced, I will be just as happy if none of them are for the locations listed below as I will be if any or all of the temples that are announced are for locations on this list. Also, as I prepared to request initial feedback for the locations on this list, it made more sense to me to once again group the locations on this list by the geographical area under which they fall, then by potential likelihood within those areas.

Africa Southeast[i]: Antananarivo Madagascar[ii];
Africa West[iii]: Freetown Sierra Leone[iv]; Kumasi Ghana[v] Lagos Nigeria[vi]
Asia: Phnom Penh Cambodia[vii]
Brazil: Belo Horizonte/Salvador[viii]
Caribbean: San Juan Puerto Rico[ix]
Central America[x]: San Pedro Sula Honduras[xi]; Senahu Guatemala[xii]
Europe[xiii]: Budapest Hungary[xiv]; Praia Cape Verde[xv]
Mexico: Puebla Mexico[xvi]
Pacific: Port Moresby Papua New Guinea[xvii]; Auckland New Zealand[xviii];
South America Northwest[xix]: La Paz/Santa Cruz Bolivia[xx]

United States[xxi]
North America Central: Missoula Montana[xxii]; Rapid City South Dakota[xxiii]
North America Southeast: Jackson Mississippi[xxiv]; Shreveport Louisiana[xxv];
North America Southwest: Bentonville Arkansas[xxvi]; Elko[xxvii]/Ely[xxviii] Nevada; Fort Worth Texas[xxix]; Las Cruces New Mexico[xxx]; Flagstaff Arizona[xxxi]
Utah Salt Lake City: Herriman[xxxii];
Utah South: Heber City[xxxiii]; Tooele[xxxiv]



[i]The African continent is experiencing substantial and significant growth. That has proven particularly true for the this area of the Church, in which 1 temple is currently operating, but 4 others have been announced (2 of which are under construction, and the other 2 of which are anticipated to start construction at some point within the next 3 years or less.
[ii]Since Madagascar is disconnected from the rest of the African continent, anywhere in Africa to which the Saints might journey will be somewhat of a challenge for those in Madagascar. For that reason, I have added Antananarivo to this list for the first time. Madagascar is currently the last of the top ten nations with the strongest Church presence that does not have a temple in any phase, which adds to the rationale for building a temple there. The only other African nation within this area that is in the top ten is Uganda at #6 on that list. But since a temple has been announced for the neighboring nation of Kenya, Uganda may not get a temple until the one in Kenya is either under construction or dedicated, as the Church will probably want to gauge how busy the temple in Kenya is before announcing one for Uganda. Thus, Madagascar is the only prospect on this list for this area.
[iii]The Church in the Africa West Area has also experienced massive and rapid growth. The LDS Church Growth Blog recently reported that, if current growth trends in the Africa West Area continue as they have been, the Church could go from the 2 operating and 1 announced temple to 13 in operation by sometime during 2030. With that in mind, several possibilities have a lot of merit to the rationale behind my belief that they could each get a temple in the near future, as I will explain in the subsequent references for the locations I have listed for this area.
[iv]Sierra Leone is now the fourth of the top ten nations that have the strongest Church presence but do not yet have a temple in any phase. With the recent expanded growth in Sierra Leone (particularly with so many districts that have been upgraded to a stake), a temple there may simply be a matter of time.
[v]Since the dedication of the Accra Ghana temple in January 2004, Ghana has seen sufficient enough growth (in my opinion) to potentially get a second temple. And Kumasi has emerged as the most likely city for such a temple.
[vi]Since the dedication of the Aba Nigeria temple in August 2005, Nigeria has seen extensive Church growth. While many have offered their opinions that Benin City might be a more likely prospect, the elements I have studied leads me to conclude that when Nigeria gets a second temple, it will likely be in Lagos.
[vii]Cambodia is now the seventh of the top ten nations having the strongest Church presence without a temple in any phase. So the idea of a temple in Phnom Penh makes sense. But with the Bangkok Thailand Temple planned to be on the larger side, and with another temple announced for Bengaluru India, the question will be whether a temple might be needed in Cambodia as well in the near future. For now, I am confident enough to include it here, but that could change.
[viii]Brazil has also seen extensive Church growth, and rapid expansion. With temples currently under construction in Fortaleza (which is anticipated to be dedicated in 2019) and in Rio de Janeiro (which is anticipated to be dedicated in 2020), and with two others announced (for Brasilia and Belem, both of which may be under construction within the next few years), it is not hard to believe that additional Brazilian temples may be needed. Salvador and Belo Horizonte seem to be the cities most mentioned as having the best prospects for a temple announcement in the near future. Of the two, a temple in Salvador seems to be more imminently likely, but we have seen unexpected things occur, so for now, both locations are on my list.
[ix]Puerto Rico now ranks as the second of the top ten nations with the strongest Church presence that does not have a temple in any phase. And now that the construction of the Port-au-Prince Haiti Temple is underway, and since that temple is on the smaller side, it makes sense that the Church might opt to announce a temple for San Juan in the near future. Time will tell how safe it is to so assume, but for now, it has made my list.
[x]With a temple having been announced in April for Managua Nicaragua, it may be some time before we hear of other temples being announced for the Central America Area of the Church. The case in favor of the locations on my list being announced is a strong one, so for that reason, they have made the list, but it would not surprise me in any way if the Church waits on these potential locations until the temple in Managua is further along.
[xi]The Church in Honduras has seen extensive growth in recent years, so a third temple in that nation seems likely. And while there may be many good potential locations where one could be built, the consensus appears to be that San Pedro Sula is the most likely prospect, and that a temple for that city could be announced sooner rather than later.
[xii]As noted above in relation to Honduras, Guatemala has also seen significant Church growth in recent years. And there are likewise many potential locations where a third temple could be built to serve the Guatemalan Saints. But the city of Senahu has emerged as the most likely prospect for that honor, and the consensus seems to be that a temple there may simply be a matter of time.
[xiii]Europe, particularly in the eastern countries of its’ continent, has seen some stagnation in terms of the growth of the Church. With temples currently under construction in Rome Italy and Lisbon Portugal, and another announced for a major yet-to-be determined city in Russia, the Church may opt to wait to construct other temples on the European continent until those 3 are either dedicated or at least further along in the process. That said, on the off-chance the Church does not so opt, the cities in this section, for the reasons I will explain in the subsequent notes that will follow this one, have the greatest chance of being announced in the near future.
[xiv]When I began sharing my thoughts on potential future temple locations, someone who has knowledge of the growth of the Church in Europe indicated that Budapest would likely be the next European city to get a temple. My study on the matter confirms that opinion, so it has been on my list for a while.
[xv]Cape Verde now ranks as the eighth of the top ten nations with the strongest Church presence that does not have a temple. Based on that fact, a temple in Praia is likely just a matter of time.
[xvi]The growth of the Church in Mexico has somewhat stagnated to the point where Church leaders began last year to do a mass consolidation of the Church units there. That said, many people (including one of the readers of my blog who lives in Mexico) concur that the next temple in Mexico will likely be in Puebla, and that such a temple will likely be announced sooner rather than later.
[xvii]Papua New Guinea now ranks as the nation with the strongest Church presence that does not yet have a temple. I also learned several years ago that land has been held in reserve in Port Moresby for a temple for a while now. With that in mind, it may simply be a matter of time before a temple is announced there.
[xviii]As with Papua New Guinea, I had heard years ago that land has been held in reserve in Auckland for a temple. How soon that might actually occur will depend on if the renovation of the Hamilton New Zealand Temple involves any kind of expansion for that temple. If it does, that might potentially eliminate the immediate need to use the land in Auckland. I have felt confident enough to keep it on my list for now, but will be watching for any developments that could change my mind.
[xix]The entire South American continent has seen extensive growth, as manifested by the fact that, of the 19 temples currently announced, 5 of them are in South American nations. And of the 11 temples currently under construction, Brazil has 2 (with two others announced), this area (South America Northwest) has 2 under construction (1 of which has a dedication announced), and 2 others announced, and the South America South area has 1 temple announced, 1 with a dedication scheduled, and 1 that is currently closed for renovation. Based on these numbers, the Church may opt to wait until all temples under construction or being renovated are finished, or Church leaders could (and in my opinion, likely will) opt to announce more temples as they are needed. In a previous note above, I shared my rationale behind two temple locations that may be used for future Brazilian Temples. While the Church could surprise us and announce other temples for the South America South Area (which would not be unheard of by any means), it is my feeling that the most likely prospect for South American temples in the near future is this area, for the reasons I will explain in the notes below.
[xx]Since the dedication of Bolivia’s first temple in Cochabamba, the Church in Bolivia has seen significant growth and expansion. That has been especially true of regions that would be served by temples in Santa Cruz or La Paz. Of the two, although I favor La Paz (since a good friend served a mission there), my research indicates a Santa Cruz temple may be more imminent. But I fully anticipate temples in both cities within the next 15 years or less, thus both are on this list.
[xxi]While it has been repeatedly observed that the growth of the Church has stagnated somewhat here in the United States, 4 of the 19 temples that have currently not had a groundbreaking were for the United States. This gives me hope, however slight that hope might be, that other locations within the US that have a compelling case in their favor for a temple (as outlined in the remaining notes). While there are literally hundreds of these potential locations with a strong likelihood, the locations on this list are those that, in my opinion and for the reasons outlined, have the highest likelihood.
[xxii]According to reports I received through the comments on my blog, Elder David A. Bednar publicly proposed a Missoula Montana Temple while on assignment to a stake conference in that city. My subsequent research indicates that land has been held in reserve for such a temple for several years now, and that an official announcement will occur once the right conditions are met. For that reason, Missoula has been on my list for a while now, and I could see an official announcement in the near future.
[xxiii]Although South Dakota only has 2 stakes and one district, and although the districts of the Bismarck North Dakota and Winter Quarters Nebraska, which cover South Dakota, may not be inordinately large, the Saints in Rapid City travel almost 300 miles to worship at the Bismarck temple, so it seems likely that the Church will opt to build a temple there sooner rather than later.
[xxiv]Mississippi is one of the few states in the US that does not have a temple in any phase. My recent study points to the idea that a temple in Jackson may just be a matter of time.
[xxv]The Saints in Shreveport currently travel just under 200 miles to their assigned temple in Dallas, but I have still felt confident enough that this city could get a temple sooner rather than later.
[xxvi]A good friend with connections to Arkansas told me a while ago that the Church has held land in reserve for a temple in Bentonville for a while now, and that an official announcement was likely once the right conditions were met. For that reason, I believe we will see this temple announced sooner rather than later. Some have opined that Rogers might be a more likely location for the first temple in Arkansas, but my study confirms that a temple is likely in Bentonville sooner rather than later.
[xxvii]The Saints in Elko currently travel just over 200 miles to their assigned temple (Salt Lake). It is enough of a commute that a temple there may just be a matter of time.
[xxviii]The note above applies to the Saints in Ely as well, as they commute just over 200 miles, but their assigned temple is in Cedar City. A temple in Ely would cut the commute substantially. And I fully believe that temples in both Elko and Ely are possible in the near future, since the distance between the two is just under 200 miles.
[xxix]In sharing my thoughts about potential future temple locations, I learned from someone living in Texas that Fort Worth would likely be the best prospective city for the next temple in Texas, and a temple there would be the best way to break up the current Dallas Texas district.
[xxx]The Saints in Las Cruces currently travel 224.6 miles to the temple in Albuquerque, so a temple there may just be a matter of time. A temple in that city could also likely serve the Saints in El Paso Texas, if they are unable to access their currently assigned temple (in Ciudad Juarez Mexico).
[xxxi]At the dedication of the Tucson Arizona Temple, Elder Larry Y. Wilson, who serves as the Executive Director of the Temple Department, stated that that dedication had Arizona pretty well covered for temples. But I have heard from many sources that Flagstaff will likely be the next Arizona city to get a temple, and that this could happen sooner rather than later. Thus, I am confident enough to put it on my list.
[xxxii]In 2005, President Gordon B. Hinckley noted that land was being held in reserve for a temple in the Southwestern Salt Lake Valley, which would have an official announcement when that became necessary. Subsequent study on my part in late 2017 and early 2018 pointed me to the conclusion that the land in question was in Bluffdale, but that it has since been annexed into the city of Herriman, although it has been the subject of more than a few border disputes. I am confident enough to list it here, and since President Monson announced temples publicly proposed during President Hinckley’s tenure, I feel that President Nelson may likely do the same. Thus, a temple there may just be a matter of time.
[xxxiii]A temple in Heber City (the prospect of which has been suggested a few times) would help provide a closer option for Saints in the Heber Valley, and it would likely split the district of the Provo Utah Temple, which, by all reports, is still one of the busiest in the Church.
[xxxiv]Tooele has also been mentioned repeatedly as a potential prospective city for a temple. While the Saints in Tooele do not have to drive an inordinate distance to reach their assigned temple in Salt Lake City, I feel a temple there may simply be a matter of time. And since a temple in Herriman would still create a drive (along a U-shape) for those Saints, it seems safe to assume that Tooele could (and likely will) get a temple soon.

First Presidency Calls New President for the Taipei Taiwan Temple

Hello again, everyone! Among the many interesting Church News stories I have referenced which I want to mention here on this blog is one published late yesterday noting that the First Presidency had called a new president and matron for the Taipei Taiwan Temple.

This brings the number of temple presidents called this year so far to a grand total of 57, and, excluding the 3-6 new temples that are likely to have a new president announced prior to the end of this year, there are 2 others remaining on my list of currently operating temples that may still have a new president announced at some point this year, namely: Veracruz Mexico and (possibly) Washington D. C., though it wouldn't surprise me if the Church held off on calling a new president for the latter until either next year or the year after, just before that temple is rededicated.

I continue to monitor all Church news and temple developments and will do my level best to bring word of those to you as I become aware of them. That does it for this post. Any and all comments are, as always, welcome and appreciated. Thank you for the privilege of your time. Until my next post, I wish each one of you all the best and pray that the Lord will bless you all in everything you do.

Latest Apostolic Statistics: Part Two--Updated Ages & Other Important Information

Hello again, everyone! Having set the stage in the first part of this apostolic age update, we now move on to talk specifics regarding the long-form and decimal ages of our current apostles, which will also include updated information on the average ages of the First Presidency, Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, and the 15 apostles as a group, current and future nonagenarians, and any other pertinent information. So let’s get right into all of that.  Again, all data is current as of today.

We start with the First Presidency. As noted near the end of my previous post, President Nelson is now 93 years, 9 months, and 22 days old, which is 93.81 decimal years. President Oaks, who will have his 86th birthday by the time I provide my next update, is now 85 years, 10 months, and 19 days old, with a decimal age of 85.88 years. President Eyring, who observed his 85th birthday on the last day of May, is now 85 years, 1 month, and 1 day old, putting his decimal age at 85.08 years.

The three now have a combined 264.77 years of life experience, which puts their average age at 88.26 years as of today. President Oaks remains closest to that average, with his age now being 2.38 years below that average. Obviously, Presidents Nelson and Eyring are still respectively above and below the average.

We move on now to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. As I did for the first time in the update posted six weeks ago, I will again be sharing the data about these 12 Brethren in groups of three.

President Ballard has now reached a long-form age of 89 years, 8 months, and 23 days old, with a decimal age of 89.73 years. Elder Holland is now 77 years, 6 months, and 28 days old, which puts his decimal age at 77.58 years. Elder Uchtdorf, at just under a month older than Elder Holland, is now 77 years, 7 months, and 25 days old, or 77.65 in decimal years.

As noted previously, Elder Bednar recently celebrated his 66th birthday, which puts his long-form age at 66 years, 0 months, and 16 days, which is 66.04 in decimal years. The oldest but least-senior of our three apostles born in 1940 is Elder Cook, who is now 77 years, 9 months, and 23 days, which is 77.81 years. His seatmate, Elder Christofferson, is 73 years, 5 months, and 7 days old, or 73.43 in decimal years.

Elder Andersen, who, as mentioned in the previous post, will have his birthday in just over a month, is currently 66 years, 10 months, and 22 days old, making his decimal age 66.89 years. Elder Rasband, who is only about six months older than Elder Andersen, has a long-form age of 67 years, 4 months, and 25 days, which puts his decimal age at 67.40 years. Elder Gary E. Stevenson, whose birthday is a mere three days before that of Elder Andersen, is currently 62 years, 10 months, and 25 days old, or 62.90 decimal years.

We now come to the final three apostles. Elder Renlund’s long-form age now stands at 65 years, 7 months, and 18 days old, with a decimal age of 65.63 years. Elder Gong is now 64 years, 6 months, and 8 days old, which puts him at 64.52 decimal years.  Elder Soares, whose 60th birthday is now 3 months and 1 day away, has a long-form age of 59 years, 8 months, and 29 days old, making his decimal age 59.75 years.

The current members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles have a combined 849.33 years, which averages out to 70.78 years. What I noted in my last update 6 weeks ago in terms of who is closest to that average and how many apostles fall above and below that average remains true today.

Among all 15 apostles, there is a combined 1114.1 years of life experience, which averages out to 74.27 years. The corrections I provided 6 weeks ago regarding how many of those 15 fall above and below that average, and the two apostles who are closest to it, remain unchanged.

We now move on to the nonagenarians. President Nelson remains the 7th oldest apostle in Church history, and now has just over a year before he moves up on that list. President Ballard will join that list 3 months and 1 week from now. Elder Soares, who marks his birthday six days before President Ballard, will mark his 90th birthday in roughly 30.25 years, with the other 12 apostles doing so at various times in between now and then.

I continue to track all of this information, and will do my level best to pass updates on to you regularly. As I mentioned in my previous post, my hope is to post on this subject once every month or two. That does it for this post. Any and all comments are, as always, welcome and appreciated. Thank you for the privilege of your time. Until my next post, I wish each one of you all the best, and pray that the Lord will bless you all in everything you do.

Latest Apostolic Statistics: Part One--Updated Data for President Oaks, President Nelson, and Longest-Serving Apostolic Groups


Hello again, everyone! It has been 6 weeks since I last posted updated information on the latest apostolic statistics (which was done on May 20, 2018). So I have determined that today would be the best day to do so again. First, as always, I wanted to again mention that I will not be in any way offended if those of you who are not interested in this information skip over the data I will share in this update. Also, as I have previously done, I will split this update into two parts. That said, let’s get right into this first part.

With the birthdays of President Eyring and Elder Bednar having come and gone within this last 1.5 months, the next apostolic birthdays will not occur for another 5 weeks or so (36 days, to be exact). In light of the deaths of 2 apostles that had their birthdays in August, only 3 of those remain (for Elders Stevenson and Andersen and President Oaks, which will occur in the course of a 6-day period on August 6, 9, and 12 respectively).

As usual, all data is current as of today (Sunday July 1, 2018). This update will again feature the data in the same order as previous updates. We will start with some data about the Presidents of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, then turn our attention to the Presidents of the Church. After discussing those things, the first post will end, and the second (to be published shortly after the first) will then highlight the latest data about all 15 of our apostles.

So let’s address President Oaks’ current tenure length as President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, which will include exploring how soon he will move up on this list. The length of his service has currently spanned 5 months and 17 days. As noted in previous updates, he will be marking 2 additional tenure milestones before the end of this year, and will be marking 5 others in 2019.

To review the milestones he will reach by the last day of 2018, on Sunday September 16, he will become the 26th longest-serving Quorum President, as by that time he will have served longer than President David O. McKay. Just over a month later, on October 22, he will become the 25th longest-serving Quorum President, having served longer in that capacity than President Gordon B. Hinckley. Then in 2019, he will mark 5 milestones, one in April, two others in July (which will be observed two days apart), and the remaining two in November, and December. I will mention the specifics of those milestones closer to that time.

Moving on now to President Nelson, since he was ordained and set apart as Church president on the same day he set apart President Oaks as Quorum President, his tenure has spanned 5 months and 17 days as well. He has now reached the age of 93 years, 9 months, and 22 days old. Nothing has changed since my last report regarding where he stands among the 16 other Church presidents in terms of his tenure length or age rank.

He will observe the first tenure length milestone of his presidency roughly 3.5 months from now, on Thursday October 11 (when he will have served longer than President Howard W. Hunter). He will observe both another tenure-related and his first age-related milestone two days apart in July of 2019, with subsequent milestones more spread out in the years following that. And again, I will be detailing those more specifically closer to the time when they will be reached.

Let me now close out this portion of the update by reiterating very briefly some of the information I shared for the first time in the previous update. By all accounts, President Nelson remains healthy, vigorous, and fully involved in the day-to-day work of moving the Church forward. And as far as I know, neither of his counselors (who are both around 7-9 years younger than he is) are suffering from any major health issues.

With that in mind, I have no doubt these Brethren will be serving together for at least the next several years, and I could easily see them at least making the list of the longest-serving First Presidencies in the Church, which will, as previous noted, occur on Sunday April 1, 2024.

And by the end of that same year, not only will the current First Presidency reach a couple of other milestones, but President Nelson will by then have become the first centenarian apostle and Church president.

As for the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, except for President Ballard (who will be 90 on October 8, which is 3 months and 1 week from today, and who appears to be in good health as well), all other apostles are younger than 80.  With that in mind, the current members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, who have served together since March 31 of this year, will most likely easily make the list of the longest-serving apostles on that same day in 2021. By the end of that year, same year, they will have moved up 3 spots on the list. I will give more specific data in this regard closer to that time.

By the end of 2021, the current group of apostles in the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve Apostles will have made and moved up on the list of other apostolic groups to become the 12th longest-serving such group in Church history, and other milestones will be reached in the years following. All of those milestones will depend on how long Presidents Nelson and Ballard live and serve, and on how much they (or anyone else) are affected by health issues. I continue to track the health and ministry of these Brethren and will keep you posted.

With that said, I want to conclude this portion of the update. That does it for this post. Any and all comments are, as always, welcome and appreciated. Thank you for the privilege of your time. Until my next post (which should be the second one on this subject and will be published here within the next few minutes), I wish each one of you all the best and pray that the Lord will bless you all in everything you do.